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Reducing reoffending and changing lives
The London Community Rehabilitation Company works with offenders to help them lead responsible and law abiding lives.
Our over-riding aim is to reduce reoffending and protect the public.
History of London Community Rehabilitation Company

Probation began in London in 1876 as a charity.  This was until the state assumed responsibility for probation in 1907, when the first Probation Officers were appointed under the Probation of Offenders Act.


Five separate services operated in London – Inner London, South East, South West, North East and Middlesex. They were amalgamated in 2001 to form London Probation.


London Probation Trust was formed on the 1 April 2010  and on 1 June 2014 the Trust became the London Community Rehabilitation Company.

The London Community Rehabilitation Company is part of the National Offender Management Service (NOMS), which in turn forms part of the Ministry of Justice.


Key Dates in the history of Probation


1907 - First Probation Officers appointed under the Probation of Offenders Act 1907

1920s - Appointing a Probation Officer becomes a requirement of the courts

1937 - Guy Clutton-Brock appointed London’s first Principal Probation Officer

1940s - The Probation Service in London gained its longest serving Principal Probation Officer in 1948, Seldon Charles Forrester Farmer, who led the service at a time of high caseloads & staff shortages.

1950s - Female Probation Officers began to supervise boys up to 14 and girls up to 17

1972 - Community Service (Community Payback) became an alternative sentencing option to prison as part of the Criminal Justice Act 1972

1980s - Hostels (now Approved Premises) introduced to increase public protection and supervision of dangerous offenders

1990s - Tagging and specific requirements for drug and alcohol treatment

2001 - Multi-agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA) introduced. Involves probation, police, prisons and other agencies working together to manage dangerous offenders in the community.

2004 - National Offender Management Service (NOMS) formed by merging HM Prison Service and the National Probation Service

2007 - The National Probation Service celebrates 100 years of service

2010 - London Probation Trust formed

2014 – London Probation Trust became the London Community Rehabilitation Company

2015 – MTCnovo acquired London Community Rehabilitation Company

Related Information


Meet Brian - an offender case studyOffender Case Study – Brian’s Story

“Brian is a completely different person today from when we first met and that is all Brian’s credit.”

With a total of 45 convictions, Brian had been in prison five times and spent six years of his life behind bars.  Now, as a User Voice volunteer, Brian is helping other offenders positively engage with the service.  He is also a Volunteer Peer Mentor and volunteers for the Prison Advice and Care Trust.

Read Brian’s full story.